As an individual, there are many things you can to do promote and practice energy conservation. These can be beneficial within your community as well as have an impact on the world. Putting energy conservation techniques in place doesn’t have to be a challenge.

What Is Energy Conservation?

Energy conservation is the conscious decision and practice of using less energy. It can be accomplished by doing things such as turning off lights when you leave a room, unplugging appliances that aren’t in use, or riding a bike or walking instead of driving your car. Some of the reasons why people put energy conservation techniques in place is so that they can lower their energy bill and the demand on earth’s natural resources.

Difference Between Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency

Both of these terms are related, but they are two very different things. Energy conservation techniques require you to change your behaviors and habits to conserve energy. Energy efficiency involves the use of technology to reduce energy needed by appliances and other items to run.

For example, an energy saving dishwasher would use technology to reduce the amount of energy needed to get your dishes clean, and this would fall under the energy efficiency category. To utilize energy conservation on the same dishwasher, you would only run it when it was full to further reduce the amount of energy it consumes.

Is There a Need for Energy Conservation?

Currently, most of the energy that powers our homes comes from coal-powered power plants. To run these plants, coal has to be dug out of the ground and then processed. Both the mining and processing steps cause damage to the environment by either tearing up the landscape or pumping pollutants into the air.

Coal is also a non-renewable resource, which means that once it runs out, we can’t find it anywhere else on this planet. While we have plenty to run power plants now, it won’t last forever.

There is a need for energy conservation techniques to reduce the amount of pollutants and damage that is done to the earth. Most people are forgetful when it comes to turning off lights when they leave a room. Or they may still own older appliances. In addition to reducing utility bills, conserving energy can also ensure that the resources we need to create energy last longer.

Thus, there is a need for energy conservation. Even small changes can have a big impact, and by everyone working together, it can make a major difference in how much energy is consumed and be better for the planet.

10 Energy Conservation Techniques

Below are some energy conservation techniques that you can apply to your daily lives.

1. Replace Your Light Bulbs

LED light bulbsOne of the easiest and simplest ways to help conserve energy is to replace your light bulbs with energy efficient ones. These use technology to require less energy to light up, so you’ll be saving when they are on.

In addition to changing the bulbs, you’ll also want to make sure you turn off lights when you are no longer in the room. You might also consider getting motion sensors attached to your light switches. These will turn your lights on when you walk into the room, and then after a certain amount of time of no movement, it will shut the lights off. This could be helpful if you or family members forget to turn lights off.

2. Replace Your Appliances

Most appliances nowadays are energy efficient. Upgrading to modern models can greatly reduce the amount of energy you use to run them. This can be a way to help you conserve energy with items that you need in your home to make living comfortable and pleasant.

3. Install a Programmable Thermostat

If you get an energy efficient HVAC system, energy conservation techniques you can employ to save more energy include installing a programmable thermostat. This gives you the option of setting various temperatures throughout the day and/or the week to conserve energy.

When you aren’t home during the day, or when you’re asleep at night, you can change the temperature so the system isn’t constantly running. If no one is home, there’s no reason to keep it at a certain temperature. The device can help you reduce the amount of energy you use to heat and cool your house, which conserves energy and will even have an impact on your bill.

4. Turn Down Your Water Heater

Just like your HVAC system, if you turn down your water heater, you can conserve energy. You use a lot of hot water in your house for daily activities, and the heater uses a lot of energy to heat it up throughout the day. Getting an energy-efficient unit can help, but then turning it down to the lowest comfortable setting can reduce the amount of energy used.

For most households, setting the water temperature at 115 degrees Fahrenheit is ideal. The water will still be warm enough to accomplish cleaning goals, but it won’t be scalding. For households with kids, this will also keep them safe so they don’t inadvertently burn themselves.

5. Install Energy Efficient Windows

If the windows in your home are old or single-paned, you are losing a lot of energy. Both hot and cold air are leaking out of your windows, which means your HVAC system is working hard to keep you house at an optimum temperature. Getting these replaced will reduce how much your heating and cooling system has to work and will save you money in the long run.

6. Weatherize Your Home

In addition to air leaking out of your windows, if the seals on your doors or other parts of your home are worn, this is another way energy is being wasted. For energy conservation techniques, go through and check all the seals on doors, pipes, and vents to ensure that they are tight and to prevent air leaks.

7. Turn Off Items When Not in Use

From toasters to TVs to radios to computers, if you aren’t using an item, turn it off. It only takes a few seconds to turn them off (or back on), but this can save you tons on your electric bill and it’s good for the environment.

8. Be Efficient With Your Laundry

Having clean clothes is a necessity, but you can be smart about how you do your laundry so that you can conserve energy. Wash as many loads as possible in cold water, and only run the machine when it’s full.

For the dryer, use the sensor feature, which determines when the clothes are dry and shuts itself off. You’ll also want to make sure you clean out the lint trap as often as possible. If you want to conserve even more energy, consider hanging your clothes to let them dry.

9. Use Power Strips

Using power strips is beneficial in many ways, including giving you more places to plug devices into and reducing the chances of you overloading an outlet. They also prevent the drainage of unnecessary energy. As one of many energy conservation techniques, they can help reduce the amount of power you use in your home.

10. Repair Any Electrical Issues

If you have an older home, you might consider getting the electrical checked. This will ensure that everything is working the way it should and excess energy isn’t being lost. If the system is out of date, you can get a new one with energy efficient features added throughout your home.


As humans, we use a lot of energy, and this can take a toll on the planet. Since we only have one that we call home, employing energy conservation techniques can be useful in reducing damage to the planet and prolonging the energy resources we currently have.


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